You might not think often about how your air conditioner functions, but it relies on refrigerant to keep your house cold. This refrigerant is controlled by environmental regulation, since it contains chemicals.
Subject to when your air conditioner was put in, it may need R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll review the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Bossier City, plus how these phaseouts affect you.
What’s R-22 and Why is It Phased Out?
If your air conditioner was put in before 2010, it possibly contains Freon®. You can find out if your air conditioner uses it by calling us at 800-COOLING. You can also look at the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is located outside your residence. This sticker will have details on what kind of refrigerant your AC uses.
Freon, which is also called R-22, has chlorine. Scientists consider Freon to be damaging to the earth’s ozone layer and one that contributes to global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which controls refrigerants in the United States, banned its creation and import in January 2020.
Should I Replace My R-22 Air Conditioner?
It depends. If your air conditioning is running properly, you can continue to use it. With regular air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your air conditioning to last around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy notes that substituting a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on yearly cooling bills!
If you don’t get a new air conditioner, it might create an issue if you have to have air conditioning repair down the road, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs can be more expensive, as only reduced amounts of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is available.
With the discontinuation of R-22, a lot of new air conditioners now have Puron®. Also called R-410A, this refrigerant was made to keep the ozone layer in good shape. Because it calls for an incompatible pressure level, it doesn’t work with air conditioners that use R-22 for cooling.
However, Puron still has the likelihood to contribute to global warming. As a result, it might also eventually be phased out. Although it hasn’t been disclosed yet for residential air conditioners, it’s expected sometime this decade.
What Refrigerant Will Replace R-410A?
In preparation of the phaseout, some companies have begun using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant ranks low for global warming potential—approximately one-third less than R-410A. And it also decreases energy use by approximately 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that might be passed on to you through your energy costs.
Brooks Heating and Air Conditioning Can Provide Support with All Your Air Conditioning Needs
In short, the changes to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t impact you greatly until you require repairs. But as we reviewed earlier, refrigerant repairs could be pricier due to the reduced amounts on hand.
Aside from that, your air conditioner often breaks down at the worst time, frequently on the hottest day when we’re experiencing a lot of other calls for AC repair.
If your air conditioner uses a phased out refrigerant or is getting old, we recommend upgrading to a modern, energy-efficient air conditioner. This delivers a stress-free summer and might even decrease your energy expenses, especially if you select an ENERGY STAR®-rated model. Plus, Brooks Heating and Air Conditioning offers many financing solutions to make your new air conditioner work with your budget. Contact us at 800-COOLING to start right away with a free estimate.